How to Grow and Care For Philodendron Micans
Trailing plants are always beautiful because of the peculiar way they grow. If you are looking for one such trailing plant to decorate a hanging pot or climbing moss pole, the Philodendron Micans is the right choice. Otherwise called the Velvet Leaf Philodendron, this is a gorgeous plant that makes a great addition to your indoors and occasionally the outdoors as well.
This beautiful plant comes with velvety leaves that are heart-shaped. These are perennial plants and require partial sun for their healthy growth. Its low maintenance and easy to care nature make this houseplant a favorite with plant lovers.
What is a Philodendron Micans?
Philodendron Micans is a perennial plant that is native to Mexico and the Caribbean. Though this plant is often referred to as Philodendron Micans, the “Micans” part of the name is a variety name for the plant Philodendron hederaceum. Though there are other types of Philodendron hederaceum, Philodendron hederaceum ‘Micans’ is one of the most popular varieties of this houseplant.
The common names for this plant are Velvet Leaf Philodendron, Heartleaf Philodendron, and Sweetheart Philodendron. This plant belongs to the Araceae family and comes with heart-shaped velvety leaves. The plant has white and green flowers and blooms mainly during summer. Philodendron Micans grow well in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11.
If you grow the plant inside the house, you can place it on an east- or north-facing window sill that gets bright to medium indirect light. You can also grow them on office shelves and in hanging baskets. However, the plant is toxic to humans and pets. Thus, it is not advisable to grow the plant if you have kids or pets at home.
How to Grow Philodendron Micans?
Philodendron Micans is an easy-to-grow houseplant with less maintenance. This is a fast-growing indoor plant that you can grow in beautiful hanging baskets. The plant requires indirect lighting and regular watering for its lush growth. You can easily propagate the plant through stem cuttings.
Growing Philodendron Micans indoors is rather easy.
Step 1: Place the pot in a place with bright indirect light. If you are growing the plant on the patio, you should keep it in a place where it gets part sun and part shade.
Step 2: Provide water once or twice a week. Since the plant has a shallow root ball, it does not require a lot of water.
Step 3: Provide a supporting trellis for this climbing plant to grow vertically.
Training Philodendron Micans
Since Philodendron Micans is a trailing and sometimes vining plant, you can often “train” it to grow where you would like it to go. Thus, it is a good plant for hanging planters, moss poles, and trellises.
Adding a trellis as a support is the best way if you want to provide a decorative touch to your interior. A trellis covers a broader area, and you can attach any climbing plants to it. Another option is to go for a moss pole. If you want to grow the plant as a standalone piece, confined to a specific place like the corner of the room, a moss pole is the best choice.
Thus, what type of support to provide is purely a personal choice. It depends on your aesthetics and individual taste.
How to Care For Philodendron Micans?
Philodendron Micans is a beautiful trailing plant that you can grow in a hanging basket or attached to a trellis. Philodendron hederaceum plant care is relatively easy, provided the conditions are suitable for plant growth.
You should water the plant when the top one inch of the soil is dry. Ideally, it would help if you watered the plant once every 7-10 days. Overwatering should be avoided at all costs as it can result in root rot. You should ensure that the pot has enough drainage holes so that the water can seep through.
The best way to water is to check the soil’s moisture by sticking your finger. If the soil feels dry to the touch, you can water the plant.
Indirect light that is bright is apt for the growth of this plant. The plant can also grow in lower light, but it will not grow fully. However, you should never place it in direct light as it can burn the leaves. If you do not have natural light inside the house, you can place artificial light for its growth.
Since Phildendron Micans grows in a tropical region, the plant prefers a warm climate. Ideally, the temperature should not fall below 60 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winter season, you should move the plant away from the window sill or cold areas for its healthy growth.
Phildendron Micans need moderate to high humidity levels for their healthy growth. If the humidity inside the room is low, you can use a humidifier. Misting the aerial roots is another option to provide humidity to the plant.
A well-draining soil mix is highly essential for the healthy growth of the plant. To provide better drainage to the potting soil, you can add perlite or orchid bark. This ensures no water logging, and the excess water is sucked out.
Phildendron Micans do not need fertilizer for their growth. But if you want, you can provide liquid fertilizer once a month during the spring or summer season.
Cutting and Pruning
Pruning the trailing vine helps control the size of the plant. Sometimes, if the plant does not get enough light, it can stretch out and form leggy. Pruning helps maintain the shape of the plant. While pruning, use sharp scissors to cut a quarter inch above the node.
How to Keep Philodendron Micans Velvety?
Philodendron Micans is also known as the Velvetleaf Philodendron. One challenge growers face is keeping the leaves on Philodendron Micans velvety smooth. This can be achieved through the below measures.
-Proper plant nutrition: Though Philodendron Micans can grow without any fertilizer, proper nutrition ensures that the plant gets velvety leaves. Liquid fertilizer with an NPK mix of 5-5-5 is a great option. You can mix ¼ teaspoon of liquid fertilizer with one gallon of water and water the plant. Fertilizing should be done when the plant is in the actively growing phase.
-Mitigating pests: The presence of common houseplant pests can affect the velvety appearance of the leaves. A few of the pests affecting the plant are mealybug, spider mite, thrips, and scale. Pruning the infected area helps control the pests to a great extent. You can control most pests by dabbing rubbing alcohol or spraying neem oil mixed with dish soap.
-Mitigating damage to leaves: Anything that can cause damage to the leaves should be controlled. This includes not placing the plant under direct sunlight and protecting the plant from pests.
How to Propagate Philodendron Micans?
Philodendron Micans is best propagated through stem cuttings.
Step 1: Select a vine with a few leaves and cut a quarter inch below the node. The node should be part of the cutting. Always use clean scissors for node cutting.
Step 2: Plant the stem in well-draining soil with enough soil mixture. At least one node should be under the soil so that roots can sprout from it. If you grow the plant in water, place the stem in it.
Step 3: Place the plant in a location where it gets indirect sunlight.
How to Repot Philodendron Micans?
Repotting Philodendron Micans has several advantages. It promotes vigorous growth of the plant. Besides, you can prevent the plant from crowding up in a pot. Thus, you can grow several small plants through repotting.
Repotting Philodendron hederaceum 'Micans' involves the following steps.
- Step 1: First, you should water the plant thoroughly before repotting. It is ideal to water one day before repotting so that the soil soaks. This makes it easy to remove the plant from the soil.
- Step 2: Select a pot that is a few inches larger than the current pot. Ensure that the pot has enough drainage holes to drain off excess water.
- Step 3: Fill the pot with a well-draining potting mix.
- Step 4: Using clean scissors, cut back the plant to get the desired size. This is particularly important if the plant has stunted growth. Wear gloves to protect your hand from any cut and wound.
- Step 5: Slowly slide the plant out of the container using both hands. Check the roots for any discoloration or disease.
- Step 6: Shake excess soil from the plant and gently place it in the new pot with potting mixture.
- Step 7: Fill the new pot with enough soil and water thoroughly.
How to Protect Philodendron Micans from Pests and Problems?
Philodendron Micans is relatively easy to care for plants. Problems, if any, arise due to improper watering and light. Here are a few of the common problems affecting the plant.
Yellowing Leaves or Leaf Drop
Yellowing of leaves is a common sign of overwatering. You can adjust the water quantity to see whether the yellowing problem is resolved. But keep in mind that the once yellow leaves will not change back to green.
If older leaves are dropping, it is a natural process. But if younger plant leaves are dropping, it could be because of underwatering. Provide more water to plant and observe whether the leaf drop continues.
Curling of Leaves
Curling leaves is an indication of less moisture. You can water the plant and see whether the problem is getting resolved. Sometimes, if the root gets dried off or rotten, proper absorption of moisture does not take place. Make sure that the root is strong and does not have any issues.
A mushy stem is an indication of overwatering. If the water is not draining correctly, it can also result in a mushy stem. Make sure that you use well-draining soil and that there are enough drainage holes in the pot.
Pest infestation is another common problem affecting Philodendron Micans. The most commonly found pests are spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids. If you spot a sticky residue in the foliage, it is an indication that the plant is infested.
Spray the plant with water to get rid of the pests. You can also use a solution of water, neem oil, and dish soap and spray it on the leaves.
5 Tips on How To Take Good Care of Philodendron Micans
Philodendron Micans are easy to grow if you take good care of them. Here are some tips for plant care.
- Light: The plant requires medium to bright indirect light for its healthy growth. Avoid direct light as it can burn the leaves of the plant.
- Water: Watering once every 7-10 days is essential for the healthy growth of the plant. You should avoid overwatering as it can result in root rot.
- Fertilizer: Provide liquid fertilizer of NPK in a 5-5-5 ratio to retain the velvety leaves.
- Training: Philodendeon Micans is a climbing plant. Thus, you should provide good support like a trellis and train the plant to climb up.
- Pruning: Pruning helps maintain the shape of the plant. If the plant stretches out and becomes leggy, pruning is the best way to control its growth.
Toxicity of Philodendron Micans
Philodendron Micans contain calcium oxalate crystals which form level one toxicity level. Thus, you should keep the plant away from kids and pests. Though the reaction to the toxin is not so severe, it can cause pain and irritation.
Discover and Shop the Right Plants at Neverland
Philodendron Micans is an elegant plant from the Carribeans that make a great addition to your garden. The velvet leaf philodendron requires partial sunlight for its healthy growth. With the right potting mix and the right quantity of water, the plant can grow very fast. To know more about the plant and purchase the same, visit Neverland
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