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    How to Grow and Care For Peperomia Rosso

    blog post authorVera Kutsenko
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    Peperomia Rosso is a beautiful, easy to care for semi-succulent.

    Save For Later
    Peperomia are easy to care for indoor plants commonly found in gardens and homes. These compact plants are known for their unique leaves, and for their ability to fit in almost anywhere.
    The Peperomia Rosso has one of the most unique types of foliage and is a smaller variety making it a great option for those looking to add some character to their home or office space.
    This article focuses on the care and maintenance of the Peperomia Rosso plant, so that you can keep yours thriving and healthy!

    About Peperomia Rosso

    Peperomia is a genus of houseplants with a thick, waxy texture and often a small, trailing growth pattern. They come in a wide variety of leaf shapes and colors and are often used as tabletop plants or as ornamental plants in hanging baskets. There are more than 100 different types of peperomias, all of which are tropical plants that can’t survive outside in frosty climates.
    Peperomia caperata ‘Rosso’ or just known by the common name of Peperomia Rosso, is a variety of Peperomia that is characterized by its two-toned foliage and smaller size. When viewing Peperomia Rosso from the top, you might think that the plant has dark green leaves only, but as you see the plant from the side profile, you see that the underside of the leaves is a bright rose pink color.
    The Rosso is a compact plant, with leaves that are more pinnate than some of the other more popular peperomia varieties on the market. Rather than trailing or vining as some other peperomias do, Peperomia Rosso grows in a small rosette pattern.
    Its waxy sheen sometimes causes houseguests to assume that it’s a fake plant. The Rosso is a slow-growing, low-maintenance indoor plant that is great for beginners! 
    This variety is extremely popular and can be found in a wide range of home and commercial settings. As with similar peperomia varieties, the Peperomia Rosso is tropical semi-succulent native to South America and belongs to the Piperaceae family.

    Peperomia Rosso Care Guide

    Peperomia Caperata ‘Rosso’
    Peperomia Rosso, Emerald Ripple, Green Ripple Peperomia, Ivy-leaf Peperomia, Metallic Peperomia, Ripple Peperomia, Little Fantasy Peperomia
    Piperaceae
    Beginner
    Most are perennial, flowering vines | Semi-succulent
    Slow
    Bright, indirect light for 4 hours a day. Can tolerate lower light conditions.
    Low - let majority of soil dry out in between watering
    Well-draining, houseplant soil mix (perlite, peat moss, pumice, etc)
    Low to moderate
    60-80 degrees Fahrenheit
    Stem Cuttings
    Spring, Summer
    South, West-facing windows. East-facing (lower light)
    11, 12
    Not Toxic to cats, dogs
    Root rot, Fungal Dis
    Botanical Name
    Common Names
    Family
    Difficulty
    Plant Type
    Growth Rate
    Sun Exposure
    Water
    Soil Type
    Humidity
    Temperature
    Propagation
    Growing Season | Bloom Time
    Window Locations (Ideal)
    USDA Hardiness Zones (Source)
    Toxicity
    Where to buy
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    How to Care For Peperomia Rosso

    Peperomia Rosso has beautiful, red undersides to its foliage.
    Image Source:Peperomia Rosso is a low-maintenance radiator plant - with a moderate amount of light and well-draining soil, you'll get your peperomia thriving in no time.
    The Rosso is relatively easy to grow and maintain. This plant prefers warm, humid conditions, though the plant is not entirely picky about humidity levels and can grow in homes that aren’t so damp.
    Peperomia Rosso is a smaller plant and grows quite slowly, so you’ll want to make sure that you select an appropriate pot size versus planting it in a larger container expecting it to fill out quickly.
    The Rosso prefers bright, indirect light for ideally 4 hours a day, but can tolerate lower light conditions as well. This plant does not do well under direct sunlight so it is important to keep that in mind when selecting a location in your home or office! 
    For optimal growth, the Rosso prefers a well-drained soil that is high in organic matter. It is recommended to use a potting mix with a high sand to loam ratio, to allow for good drainage.
    Peperomia likes to be kept on the moist side but can be affected by root rot, so it is important to monitor the soil and water appropriately. We’ll dive further into Peperomia Rosso care in detail in the sections below.

    💧 Water

    Knowing where plants are native to can be very helpful in understanding their plant care needs. Peperomia Rosso is native to tropical climates and doesn’t mind things being warm and a little humid.
    Typically peperomias might require more water than some of your other houseplants, but with Peperomia Rosso this might not be the case because of its smaller size and a slower rate of growth.
    Still, they should be watered thoroughly but infrequently. Watering once every 7-10 days is sufficient in most conditions - and if done properly.
    Pro Tip Icon
    How do you know when to water your Peperomia Rosso?
    You’ll want to check the soil every time before you water to prevent from overwatering or underwatering. If the soil feels dry, it’s a good time to give your peperomia a drink. 
    When growing a Peperomia Rosso indoors, you’ll want to water it enough to keep the soil lightly moist. If you’re having trouble figuring out the best watering schedule for your specific plant, you can use a water meter to track your plant’s water needs.
    If your peperomia rosso is getting too little water, the leaves will droop and the soil will feel dry.
    If your peperomia rosso is getting too much water, the leaves will be limp and wilted, which is a sign of overwatering and possibly accompanying root rot. 
    While peperomia don’t like soggy conditions, if you find that things are drying out too quickly, it might be a good idea to try light misting or adding a humidifier to the room.

    ☀️ Sunlight

    Peperomia Rossos need plenty of indirect sunlight, but direct sunlight can scorch their leaves. If you live in a very sunny climate, it’s best to grow your peperomia Rosso in a shaded area. Ideally, Peperomia Rosso should get about 4 hours of bright, diffused light every day.
    Otherwise, you can position your plant near a window that gets plenty of bright indirect light but not direct sunlight. Although you'd likely get away with placing your Peperomia Rosso near any directional window, ideal placements would be a few feet away from a South-facing window or near an East-facing window that receives morning sunlight.
    You can also use fluorescent light to satisfy your Rosso's needs.  You can also use curtains or other window coverings to block out direct sunlight if necessary.
    If your Peperomia Rosso is getting too little light, the leaves will turn slightly yellow. If your plant is getting too much light, the leaves will turn a bright yellow and might even turn crispy and start to fall off the plant.
    You can test the light conditions by feeling the leaves of your plant. If the leaves are crispy and the soil is moist, your plant is probably getting too much light.
    Why is my Peperomia Rosso losing color?
    If you find that your Peperomia Rosso is losing color, it's likely not getting enough light. You'll want to move it to a brighter spot or supplement with a flourescent grow light.

    🌱 Best Soil For Peperomia Rosso

    Peperomia plants like well-draining soil that is rich in nutrients. You can purchase commercial potting soil or make your own with peat moss, bark, etc. It’s important to use a mix that has plenty of perlite in it as it will help keep your Peperomia Rosso from becoming waterlogged. 
    Note Icon
    You can also use soil-less mix!
    Peperomia Rossos can also grow in a soil-less mix, as long as it has the right pH for peperomia plants (between 6.0 and 6.5). Peperomia thrives in soil that is light and not too dense.
    Adding compost and other sources of organic matter can help to keep the soil closer to what a Peperomia would prefer in its natural environment. You can feel comfortable using a potting mix labeled for houseplant use as most tropical houseplants prefer similar soil conditions to peperomias.

    🌻 How to Fertilize Peperomia Rosso

    Peperomia Rosso plants don’t need to be fertilized very often. You should fertilize them once every two to three months during the growing season and once a month during the winter.
    If you’re growing your Peperomia Rosso in soil, you can use a slow-release fertilizer, such as 10-10-10. If you’re growing your Peperomia Rosso in a soilless mixture, you’ll want to use a water-soluble fertilizer, such as 20-10-10.
    There are a lot of different commercially available fertilizer brands, so you can choose one based on your Peperomia Rosso plant’s specific soil requirements.
    Pro Tip Icon
    Pro Tip: Use High Quality Fertilizer
     Make sure to use high-quality, liquid houseplant fertilizer with micronutrients like calcium and magnesium. Cheap-quality liquid fertilizers can contain heavy salts damaging the roots of your plant. 
    Overfertilizing
    Too much fertilizer is detrimental to your plant’s growth. Fertilizer contains mineral salts that can accumulate in the soil and cause root burn when the root tips become blunted, brown, or black.
    This stumps the growth of the plant. To prevent fertilizer burn, you will want to cleanse your soil every couple of months by running water slowly through the potting mix for a couple of minutes. Let it fully drain and resume your regular care routine.

    ✂️ Pruning and Maintenance

    Pruning your Peperomia Rosso will encourage new growth and keep your plant looking bushy and healthy. The most optimal time to prune is during the plant’s growing season in spring (and summer) so it can quickly recover. 
    When pruning, use sterilized garden shears or scissors. To sterilize, you can disinfect with alcohol or bleach to prevent the spread of disease. You will want to prune any leaves that show disease or are damaged.
    This can be a great time to consider propagating!
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    How to Repot Peperomia Rosso

    Peperomia Rosso has a fleshy, small and hardy root system and prefers to be root bound and grown in smaller pots than a typical plant of similar size. You’ll know it’s the right time to repot when you start to see roots crawling out of the drainage hole. 
    You can also consider repotting into the same container with fresh soil to refresh the nutrient profile every year, but it’s not necessary.
    Steps to Repot
    • Step 1: Select a container 1 to 2 inches larger than your last container to give your Peperomia Rosso’s roots more room to spread their legs. 
    • Step 2: Gently remove the plant from the pot. Softly brush away any soil and soil clumps bound to the roots.
    • Step 3: Unbundle any root balls and inspect the roots closely. You will want to trim any dead, mushy, brown or black roots (sign of root rot). Use sterilized shears when trimming.
    • Step 4: Fill up your new container with soil to stabilize your new plant to level you prefer once planted. 
    • Step 5: Place your plant in the new pot and back-fill with fresh, well-draining soil. 
    • Step 6: Water and follow proper maintenance for your newly repotted plant!

    Peperomia Rosso Propagation

    Peperomia Rossos grow as houseplants with few exceptions and can be propagated in a couple of ways. You can grow new Peperomia Rosso plants by taking stem cuttings or leaf cuttings. We'll dig into how you can accomplish each one below.

    Stem Cutting Propagation Method

    Step 1: To do this, prepare by grabbing gardening gloves and sterilized shears.
    Step 2: Find a healthy stem that's a few inches in length and contains a few leaves. Using your shears, take a stem cutting of your Peperomia Rosso.
    Step 3: Then, remove the leaves from the bottom half of the stem, and dip the bottom half into rooting hormone.
    Step 4: You can then plant the stem cutting in a pot filled with potting soil. Peperomia Rossos grow quickly from stem cuttings, so you should have a new plant rooted in about a month.

    Leaf Cutting Propagation Method

    You can actually propagate Peperomia Rosso by leaf cuttings as well.
    Step 1: Simply cut a healthy leaf from the stem and stick the cut portion slightly into clean moist potting soil. 
    Step 2: Keep this cutting moist so that it does not dry out and in a bright (but not direct sunlight) location.
    Step 3: In a few weeks, you should see roots beginning to develop at the cut edge of the leaf.
    Step 4: After you see stem/upward growth, you can remove the “leaf” part of the cutting and transfer your sprouting plant to a new container.

    Common Peperomia Rosso Pests and Disease

    Peperomia Rosso is generally resistant to most pests and disease.
    Image Source:If Peperomia Rosso encounters any issues, it's usually due to overwatering leading to root rot and pest infestations.
    Like most indoor plants, Peperomia plants are occasionally plagued by pests and diseases. Luckily, they are pretty easy to treat when they do appear. Here are some pests and diseases to watch out for:

    Spider Mites

    Spider mites are ectoparasitic arthropods that feed on plants. They prefer hot weather along with dry conditions, and they feed on a wide range of plants. Spider mites can be red, yellow, or orange, depending on the species. They are tiny, but they can be seen with the naked eye. Spider mites attack plants through their leaves, sucking the nutrients out of them.
    They leave stalks behind as they feed. While feeding, spider mites create webbing, and drain the life from plants causing leaves on infested plants to turn yellow and brown. They can cover and kill an entire plant within a week or two if left uncontrolled in your garden.
    On the first sign of the infestation, make sure to quarantine your plant. You can use a water hose to spray away some of the initial infestations. Follow this by treating your plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil mixture every 7 to 10 days until the infestation disappears.

    Aphids

    Aphids are tiny, sap-sucking pests and wreak havoc on your roses. They suck out plant juices, preferably on new growths, and turn their foliage yellow and deformed. If you're starting to see stunted growth with black spots on new growth, curling of your leaves, or yellowing of leaves, then it may be a sign of an Aphid infestation.
    Quarantine your plant immediately and treat it with insecticidal soap or neem oil every 7 to 10 days until the infestation disappears.

    Whitefly

    These tiny pests look exactly like what they’re called. Tiny little whiteflies that feed on the undersides of the leaves of your plants. Whitefly larvae also feed on the plant sucking vital nutrients out of your plants.
    An obvious symptom of Whitefly on your Peperomia Rosso is if its' foliage is covered with a sticky, white powdery substance. A more severe infestation can cause leaves to turn yellow and drop off the plant.
    Similar to aphids and spider mites, they can be treated with insecticidal soap as well. 

    Leggy growth

    Leggy growth commonly occurs when your plant isn’t receiving enough sunlight. Place your plant in an area that received bright, indirect sunlight such as a South-facing window. To give your plant a bushier appearance, you can prune the plant. This will encourage new growth. 

    Root Rot

    The dreaded root rot ails thousands of plants every year. If you are seeing that your Peperomia Rosso has yellow leaves, stumped growth, drooping, or just looks plain sad, you may want to inspect its roots for disease.
    Root rot is caused by waterlogged soils by improper watering (overwatering) or soggy soil that doesn’t drain well. Unfortunately, if you suspect root rot, the only way to truly know is to uproot the plant and check the roots. 

    Treating Root Rot

    • Step 1: When you uproot the plant, gently shake off remaining soil and carefully undo any root balls. If you see roots that are yellow, brown or mushy, this is a sign of root rot.
    • Step 2: You will want to use sterilized scissors or shears to trim away diseased roots.
    • Step 3: You can disinfect the roots using 1 part hydrogen peroxide with two parts water and drain into a spray bottle. Spray the roots with this solution to disinfect. For those who prefer less harsh and more organic disinfectants, you can use cinnamon and cinnamon oil to treat your roots.
    • Step 4: After disinfecting, repot your Peperomia Rosso in fresh, well-draining soil and water your plant.
    Make sure you’re following a proper care schedule.
    If you’d like more in-depth prevention and treatment for root rot, checkout our guide here.

    FAQs for Peperomia Rosso


    Where to buy Peperomia Rosso?
    Ready to create a centerpiece for your living space. Adding new plants and greenery can liven up any home space. You can find Peperomia Rosso on Neverland. Our vetted merchants grow high-quality plants that are backed by a trust guarantee.
    Is Peperomia Rosso a succulent?
    Peperomia Rosso is a semi-succulent meaning that it has the water storing characteristics of a succulent, but it's not as drought tolerant as a regular succulent. It'll need a little bit more TLC.
    How long does it take for Peperomia Rosso cuttings to root?
    On average, it'll take a month for your Peperomia Rosso cuttings to root. You can speed up the process by dipping your cutting into rooting hormone.
    Can a Peperomia Rosso be grown in water only?
    Peperomia Rosso can be easily propagated in water, but we do not recommend growing a fully mature plant in water.
    How do you save a dying Peperomia Rosso?
    It depends on what the issue is. If your Peperomia Rosso is wilting and looks a little crispy, it's likely lacking water. You can revive it by bottom watering (letting the pot or bottom half of the container sit in water) for 10-15 minutes. Let the water drain thoroughly afterwards.
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