How to Grow and Care For Monstera Pinnatipartita
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Monsteras are majestic houseplants with their lush green and tropical-looking foliage. The foliage of these climbing epiphytes is unique and catches attention at first glance due to their fenestrations and pinnation as they mature.
In addition to their attractive appearance, Monstera species are easy to care for, grow, and maintain. Even beginners and lazy houseplant owners can quickly grow these beauties by mimicking their natural environment. They need dappled sunlight, high humidity, and soilless potting mix to survive and thrive.
Monsteras are toxic to humans and pets
Monstera plants contain insoluble calcium oxalate crystals that are highly toxic to humans and pets. So, these iconic plants are not a great choice as indoor plants if you have curious pets that love interacting with them.
This blog will provide all the information on Monstera pinnatipartita (a somewhat rare monstera species but a must-have for interior decorations). Keep reading to learn about its care guide and how to propagate it successfully for more houseplants.
What is a Monstera Pinnatipartita?
Philodendron silver queen or Monstera pinnatipartita is a rare climbing aroid of the Araceae family. It is native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America (Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Costa Rica).
This tropical plant produces the most spectacular foliage that is loved for its fenestrations and pinnation like all other monstera plants. The evergreen foliage of this climber undergoes a dramatic transformation as it matures.
In the juvenile stage, the leaves are lobed and have a bumpy texture (without splits or holes). As the leaves grow, it develops deep fenestrations or divisions that extend towards the midrib, giving Monstera pinnatipartita foliage a feather-like appearance.
Thus, the Monstera pinnatipartita plant is entirely different in its juvenile and mature stage, making it most gorgeous and coveted among houseplants.
Monstera pinnatipartita grows terrestrially and as an epiphyte. When it grows as an indoor epiphyte (air plant), Monstera pinnatipartita produces aerial roots to cling to a totem pole and absorb environmental nutrients.
It has monocot and white waxy flowers (spathe and spadix or spike) in summer when grown outdoors by imitating their natural habitats. It reaches a mature height of 10 to 20 meters outdoors and only six feet when grown as a houseplant.
This monstera is great for hanging baskets.
With its stunning, pinnate, bi-colored foliage and epiphytic growth habit, Monstera pinnatipartita is perfect for hanging baskets in tropical indoor gardens.
What are Fenestrations
Leaf perforations or fenestrations are the holes or deep splits that leaves develop as they grow older. These are the characteristic developments of Monstera and Pothos plant species, giving their foliage an exotic look.
The shape, size, and quantity of these divisions and holes greatly vary from plant species to species.
How to make your leaves fenestrate early
Houseplant enthusiasts can make their Monstera leaf fenestrate early by providing them with ideal sunlight conditions and a climbing structure. Because some species will develop splits and divisions only when it climbs.
What’s the difference between Monstera Pinnatipartita and Monstera Deliciosa?
Monstera pinnatipartita and Monstera deliciosa are aroids and have the climbing growth habit. Both these monstera plants are easy to grow and care for indoors and outdoors and have excellent compact growth forms.
They have shorter internodes that are hard to see under the closely stacked leaf petioles. M. pinnatipartita and M. deliciosa are slow creepers and ideal for indoor gardening.
However, these two plants significantly differ in their foliage fenestrations as they mature. Monstera pinnatipartita has deep fenestrations extending from leaf edges to midrib, giving it a pinnate, feather-like appearance.
While the leaves of Monstera deliciosa do not have deep splits all along the center rib of the leaf. Instead, it has round slots or holes near the midrib. Also, this plant is more readily available from online plant shops than the rare Monstera pinnatipartita climber.
Monstera Pinnatipartita Quick Care Guide
USDA hardiness zones
Pest and Diseases
Where to buy
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How to Grow Monstera Pinnatipartita
Monstera pinnatipartita, a member of the aroid family, grows best as an indoor houseplant. However, if you are considering growing outdoors, be sure to start the planting in spring to allow the establishment of ground-growing roots.
Here’s a complete care guide on your stunning Monstera pinnatipartita houseplants and how to grow them outdoors with success.
To grow Monstera pinnatipartita outdoors, provide them right growing conditions. It is best to plant it in the container and transplant it into garden soil. The soil should be moist and amended with organic matter or animal manure.
Then, grow your outdoor Monstera pinnatipartita in the brightest shade, which receives six hours of morning sunlight with the afternoon shade.
Feed the young outdoor plant with balanced 20-20-20 liquid fertilizer per month to encourage healthy root growth. Once your Monstera pinnatipartita establishes, it will grow taller, creeping over other plants in search of light.
These aroid plants can be grown outdoors all year round in tropical regions. In contrast, grow them in containers in growing zones below 11 and move inside with other houseplants when temperatures are below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
How to Care for Monstera Pinnatipartita
As a tropical climber, Monstera pinnatipartita care means warmer climates with high humidity. It prefers dappled sunlight conditions, well-draining soils, and acidic to neutral pH levels.
This epiphytic plant is winter hardy in the USDA hardiness zones 11 and 12 and can grow all year round with lush green foliage.
On the other hand, in the growing zones below 10, this tropical beauty can only be developed as an outdoor container plant in the warmer months.
Here’s a complete plant care guide for indoor and outdoor Monstera pinnatipartita;
For the best growth and dark green leaves, keep the soil moist of your indoor Monstera pinnatipartita with a wise watering schedule. The best time to water it is when the top one inch of the soil surface is dry.
Then, give a thorough water drench for root hydration, as it will help in the healthy nourishment of the plant. Be sure the excess water drains out through the drainage holes; otherwise, soggy soil conditions bring fungal and bacterial problems.
Avoid the overwatering and underwatering of this stunning climber. The overly wet soils encourage yellow leaves, and root rot with defoliation, while underwater conditions lead to droopy plants, and wilted and crispy leaves.
Indoor, Monstera pinnatipartita, grows best in bright, indirect sunlight for at least 4-6 hours a day and rewards the growers with gorgeous fenestrated leaves. So, position the Monstera pinnatipartita pots in east-facing windows where it receives the bright morning sun and partial shade throughout the day.
You can also place your Philodendron silver queen in the south- and west-facing windows by keeping the plant a few feet away to avoid the direct sunlight of midday and afternoon. Also, avoid placing the plant in low light because it will slow its growth with no fenestrations in foliage.
Monstera pinnatipartita loves bright, dappled light
In their natural habitats, Monsteras (forest dwellers) grow under the canopy of large forest trees, and get bright, indirect light. If the sunlight conditions are not ideal, they will climb up to reach the most radiant light exposures. Thus, growing into 10 to 20 meters taller in the wild.
🌡️ Temperature and Humidity
Being native to tropical rainforests, Monstera pinnatipartita thrives best in warm climates and high humidity. So, the best indoor temperatures for this tropical plant are 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit and below 60ºF will negatively impact its growth.
Monstera pinnatipartita requires higher humidity levels (70 percent or above) and good air circulation to produce healthy foliage with fenestrations. During drier winter days, water misting and a humidifier are used to maintain an ideal humid environment.
Another best approach to maintain higher humidity is to grow Pothos and Philodendron species with Monstera pinnatipartita. This way, you can keep the best environment for your plant and an indoor garden with a tropical vibe.
Winter Dormancy for Monstera Pinnatipartita
Like all aroids, Monstera pinnatipartita undergoes a resting or non-growing stage in the winter months when soil temperatures drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. At this stage, cut back on fertilizer applications and reduce the watering frequency to once a month to prevent soil drying.
On the other hand, bring the outdoor containers indoors and keep them in warm rooms with ideal light conditions. These plants will return to life in spring when temperatures rise above 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
🌱 Best Soil for Monstera Pinnatipartita
Being hemiepiphyte, the Monstera pinnatipartita has both ground-growing and aerial roots.
In the wild, these tropical plants use aerial roots for anchorage while creeping over trees in search of light and absorbing nutrients from the air.
Pro Tip for Soil
You can use orchid mix for your Monstera pinnatipartita to provide them well aerated growing conditions.
Monstera pinnatipartita does not frequent fertilizer applications when grown in an organically rich potting medium because it act as slow-release organic food for the plant.
However, to boost the plant nutrient levels and encourage the best and healthy foliage with fenestrations, apply 20-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer in a bi-monthly plan from March to late August. Before applications, water the plant and avoid wetting the foliage to prevent fungal and bacterial diseases.
Once you finish the application, give a thorough water drench to discourage nutrient buildup in the root zone.
😎Pruning and Maintenance
Being an epiphytic or vining plant, Montera pinnatipartita needs only trimming of unruly or overgrown aerial roots.
Also, prune the weak and damaged roots to encourage new aerial roots' growth and improve nutrient absorption. Cut off the yellow or brown leaves to save the plant’s energy in reviving them.
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How to Propagate Monstera Pinnatipartita
If you want to add more Monstera pinnatipartita as a houseplant in your indoor gardening, propagate it for new plants. The best way to do it is by stem cuttings, water propagation, and air layering.
To reproduce the Monstera pinnatipartita by stem cuttings, select a healthy stem tip with at least two young leaves or nodes.
Cut the stem tip just below the one or a half inch below the node with a sharp and sterilized pruner. Now prepare a growth medium by mixing 50 percent of perlite and 50 percent of sphagnum moss and fill the container with it. Bury the cut end of the stem cutting up to one node in the moist growing medium, and place the container in bright indirect light. The cutting will develop roots within one or two weeks.
To propagate Monstera pinnatipartita through air layering, choose a leggy stem from the mother plant, and it should have one healthy leaf and node. Make a slit or wound in the stem below the node no more profound than ¼ thickness. Wrap the wet sphagnum moss around the wound, cover it with a plastic bag, and loosely firm it with a cord.
Check the moss for moisture and rewet when needed. Within two weeks, the roots appear from sphagnum moss. Remove the plastic bag and moss, and carefully separate the stem from the mother plant by cutting below the new roots. Transplant this new plant into a jar having a nutrient-rich potting mix.
How to Repot Monstera Pinnatipartita
Monstera pinnatipartita needs repotting every two years because it does not like to be root bound. Repot this tropical plant into a bigger pot, two sizes larger than its current pot and filled with moist growth medium.
Also, provide your Monstera pinnatipartita with a support structure such as a moss pole, wooden stake, and trellis to climb with its stems.
This plant is an excellent climber due to its shorter internodes and closely packed leaf petioles, unlike other monstera varieties, which are perfect trailing vines.
Common Monstera Pinnatipartita Diseases
Monstera pinnatipartita is susceptible to root rots and bacterial leaf spots in warm, humid environments.
Overwatering and poor drainage cause root rot in Monstera pinnatipartita. These water-saturated conditions turn their foliage into yellow with poor growth.
These yellow marks later change into dark brown patches (due to cell death) covering the entire leaf area. Before root decaying kills your rare climbing plant, repot the plant into a fresh growth medium and larger pot.
During potting, sift through the roots and remove the brown, mushy ones with sterilized garden shears or scissors.
Common Monstera Pinnatipartita Pests
These are the most damaging houseplant pests that go unnoticed due to their smaller size. Spider mites infest the underside of leaves and appear as tiny red dots. Their constant feeding leads to foliage discolorations (due to chlorophyll molecule breakdown) and stunted growth.
Neem oil and warm soapy water spray help prevent spider mite infestations.
For effective control, apply these dilutions every two weeks in the early morning when the beneficial insects are not around your Monstera pinnatipartita.
How to spot a spider mite infestation on my Monstera Pinnatipartita?
Spider mites form pale yellow spots on the upperside of leaves and fine silky webs on the infested stems and underside of foliage.
📚 5 Monstera Pinnatipartita Care Tips
These are the best care tips to keep your Monstera pinnatipartita happy and healthy.
- Maintain a stable watering schedule to keep the potting soil mix moist for healthy nourishment.
- Keep the Monstera pinnatipartita in bright, indirect sunlight.
- Monitor the foliage of your Pinnatipartita plant carefully for spider mites and root rots. Repot it immediately if you notice any sign of root decay.
- Always provide your plant with a climbing structure because it needs a stable base due to a heavy top.
- Maintain good drainage of your indoor potted plant by choosing the right pot and high-quality potting mix.
Where to Buy Monstera Pinnatipartita?
Monstera pinnatipartita is the most sought-after species of Monstera plants and decorates the interior spaces with its large, glossy, and fenestrated foliage.
The addition of Pinnatipartita in your home brings joy and cheerfulness. So, to add this tropical beauty to your houseplant collections, visit Neverland and get the best plant, along with care tips and a guide to keep it happy and healthy.
FAQs on Monstera Pinnatipartita
What is the difference between Monstera Peru vs. Pinnatipartita?
Monstera Peru is a unique and gorgeous variety with compact growth and variegated leaves. However, its colorful foliage distinguishes it from Pinnatipartita because it does not develop leaf fenestrations at any growth stage. On the other hand, the Pinnatipartita produces deep foliage divisions and undergoes the most dramatic transformation. In the juvenile stage, Pinnatipartita resembles Monstera Peru due to the bumpy texture of its leaves.
What is the difference between Monstera Pinnatipartita vs. Subpinnata?
The primary difference between Monstera pinnatipartita and Subpinnata is in their foliage. Monstera pinnatipartita develops deep fenestrations that extend from leaf edges to the midrib, while the Subpinnats have pinnate leaves with small lance-shaped leaflets.
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