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    How to Grow, Propagate, and Care For Pineapple Plants

    Pineapple plant, scientifically known as Ananas comosus, is a popular, fruiting indoor plant part of the Bromeliad family. In this guide, we'll show you how you can care for your pineapple plant.
    blog post authorVera Kutsenko
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    Close up of a pineapple fruit on top of the pineapple bromeliad plant.

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    Ananas comosus, more commonly known as the pineapple plant, is a tropical, evergreen plant that is native to South America. The plant has long, spiky leaves and a thick, fibrous stem. The fruit of the plant, also known as a pineapple fruit, is a juicy, sweet, and slightly acidic fruit that is found in grocery stores around the world. 
    The pineapple plant can be grown as outdoor plant in warm climates or indoors as a potted plant. The plant is relatively easy to care for, and the fruit can be harvested after about 18 months.
    In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about proper pineapple plant care no matter if you’re growing indoors or outdoors.
    How long does it take for pineapple plant to grow?
    When grown as an outdoor plant, it’ll take roughly 12-18 months for a pineapple to reach maturity. More often, it takes anywhere from 2 to 3 years for a pineapple plant to start to fruit. Harvest your fruit only when it’s turned yellow, orange.
    Is pineapple plant easy to grow indoors?
    Although it’s possible to grow a pineapple plant indoors given you supply it with at least 6 hours of full, bright sunlight (or a grow light), it’ll need at least 6 by 6 feet of space. They’re quite massive plants at maturity, so we recommend growing them outdoors if you’d  like to grow to harvest (instead of growing for decor).
    How many pineapple fruits can one plant produce?
    According to University of Florida, each plant produces a maximum of two fruits. One fruit at first, and one from a sucker that’s produced after the initial plant starts to die off (ratoon crop).
    How long will pineapple plants live for?
    Most pineapple plants will live up to 5 years. They are fairly short lived plants that start to die off after fruiting. They can be easily propagated through suckers as they die off.

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    What is a Pineapple Plant?

    Pineapple plant, scientifically known as Ananas comosus, is a popular, fruiting indoor plant part of the Bromeliad family.
    Your most popular pineapple can be grown indoors as a houseplant! The pineapple plant is a herbaceous perennial that produces sword-like, green leaves from a central rosette. Each stem will bloom for two weeks before producing an edible fruit, the pineapple, on top of the stem.
    Pineapple plants produce glossy, sheen foliage with a sword, and grass-shaped leaves. The pineapple plant can grow up to 2-4 feet tall and 3-5 feet wide at maturity.
    The pineapple plant is used indoors to add a tropical feel to any space. It’s an excellent option for corners and patios outside, especially in warmer regions.
    The pineapple plant has been shown to purify air, according to the NASA clean air study.

    Pineapple Plant Care Guide

    Ananas comosus
    Pineapple Plant
    Herbaceous perennial, flowering plant
    Slow growth rate - will take 18-24 months to see first fruit.
    Fertilize every 2 months. Young plants can receive balanced, houseplant fertilizer. You can also opt in for a fruit & citrus fertilizer.
    Bright, indirect light for 6-8 hours a day.
    Keep soil consistently moist.
    Moist, well-draining soil - amend with peat moss for acidity and perlite for drainage.
    Slightly acidic to neutral pH
    Top cutting, pups/offsets,
    65-75 degrees Fahrenheit, don’t let drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit
    South-facing windows most ideal. West or east-facing will work. Read about the best windows for plants.
    Toxic to dogs and cats
    Botanical Name
    Common Name
    Plant Type
    Growth Rate
    Sun Exposure
    Soil Type
    Soil Ph
    Bloom Time
    Window Locations (Ideal)
    USDA Hardiness Zones
    Companion Plants
    Where to Buy
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    How to Care For Pineapple Plant?

    Pineapple fruit on the bush
    Image Source:Photo by kynny on Getty ImagesPineapple fruit on the bush
    Pineapples are one of the most popular fruits in the world. But did you know that you can grow your own pineapple plant at home? It's true! And it's not as difficult as you might think. Here's what you need to know about pineapple plant care: Pineapples need a lot of light (but avoid direct sun), so make sure to place them in a sunny spot like a South-facing window. 
    They also need a lot of moisture, so water them regularly. The soil should be well-drained, so if you live in an area with clay soil, you may want to mix in some sand. Overwatering your pineapple plant can lead to root rot.
    Pineapples like warm weather, so if you live in a cooler climate, you may want to grow your pineapple plant indoors. With a little care, your pineapple plant will thrive and you'll be able to enjoy delicious, homegrown ripe pineapples in no time!

    💧 Water

    Since pineapples are tropical plants, they grow best in consistently moist soil during their active growing season but love to let their soil dry out in between waterings during semi-dormant months.
    During its active growing season in spring and summer, water 2-3 times a week. Reduce watering during its dormant season, and allow the top few inches of soil to dry out in between waterings.
    It’s important to plant your pineapple bromeliad in well-draining, sandy/loamy soil to encourage appropriate drainage.
    Build up of water in soil for too long can cause root rot and rot at the base of the plant. 
    We recommend bottom watering your Ananus comosus because top watering can let water accumulate in the leaves.
    If you’re growing outdoors, we recommend amending your pineapple plant with mulch when planting to retain nutrition and moisture.
    If growing in a container, you can consider terracotta based pots which help better evaporate water.

    ☀️ Sunlight

    This plant requires a lot of bright sunlight. We recommend full sun for at least 12-14 hours a day. If you’re growing indoors, you may want to supplement with a grow light even if growing near a south-facing window.
    When growing indoors, place near a south-facing window which receives the most bright sunlight for the entire day. If you’re growing near west-facing, east-facing, and north-facing windows we recommend that you supplement 
    If you’re supplementing with a grow light, we recommend a led grow light with a timer.

    🌡️ Temperature and Humidity

    Pineapple plants are tropical and thrive best in warm temperatures with high humidity. If growing indoors, most room temperatures will do. The most ideal temperature range is 65-95 degrees Fahrenheit. Don’t let temperatures drop below 55-60 degrees Fahrenheit for too long.
    When growing outdoors, pineapple plants are hardy from USDA grow zones 10 to 12. 
    These plants thrive with high amounts of moisture in the air. If you live in an arid region, we recommend investing in a humidifier or grouping your house plants together. You can also place a pebble tray filled with water near your plant to increase humidity.

    🌱Best Soil for Pineapple Plant

    Pineapple plants grow best in acidic, sandy/loamy, organically rich but well-draining potting soils.
    You can consider specialty citrus plant potting mix or amend your commercial houseplant mix with additional perlite, vermiculite, or sand for drainage.

    Consider amending with peat moss for moisture retention. Peat moss also lowers the pH of soil making it slightly acidic. If your soil is already acidic but you want to add extra moisture retention, consider coco coir.
    When planting outdoors, amend your soil with worm castings or compost at planting. You can also amend with mulch during planting to encourage moisture retention and improve nutrient quality of your topsoil.
    Pineapple plants have a shallow root system. A 3-7 gallon pot will be an adequate option for container growth.

    🌻 Fertilizer

    Proper fertilization is key to producing a healthy pineapple plant. Nitrogen is one of the most critical components to consider when looking to purchase fertilizer for your pineapple plant. Balanced fertilizers will work such as a 6-6-6- or a 10-10-10. 
    You can also use liquid plant food that’s sprayed on the leaves - foliar feeding.

    Having added 4-6% magnesium also works well.
    Fertilize young plants during the growing season or every two months throughout the year.

    😎 Pruning and Maintenance

    Although these plants don’t require regular pruning, we do recommend regular upkeep of any dead or damaged foliage. You can also choose to prune ground suckers.

    ☢️ Toxicity

    Pineapple plants are NOT toxic to cats and dogs!

    🏡 Growing Outdoors

    Pineapple plants are great candidates for growing outdoors in warm climates of growing zones 10, 11, and 12.

    If you’re growing outdoors, select a space in your garden that has well-draining soil and doesn’t accumulate water. You’ll want a spot that receives 12 hours or more of bright sunlight for proper, healthy growth. 
    If you’re choosing to grow in a container, you can plant your pineapples in 3-7 gallon containers to allow for proper spacing for their roots. Pineapple plants have shallow root systems, so they don’t need large containers for proper growth.
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    How to Propagate Pineapple Plant From Pineapple Tops?

    Pineapple top with roots on wooden background close up.
    Image Source:Photo by Gheorhge on Getty ImagesPineapple top with roots on wooden background close up.
    Looking for a fun and easy way to propagate pineapple plants? All you need is a store-bought pineapple and a little bit of patience! Here's how to do it:

    Step by Step Pineapple Propagation

    • Step 1: Start by cutting off the top of the pineapple (store-bought or your mother plant), making sure to leave a few inches of fruit attached. You can store the remainder of the pineapple fruit in a plastic bag or chop it up to enjoy later. :D 
    • Step 2: Take your pineapple top. With one hand grasped on the fruit portion, and the other on the base of the leaves, twist the leafy top portion off. You will see the leaf base detach and a knob present at the bottom of the stem.
    • Step 3: Trim off some of the lower leaves. Take the top portion and a sharp knife and remove slices of the bottom until you see light brown spots or “knobs” appear. This is where your pineapple roots will ultimately grow from.
    • Step 4: Let your pineapple top sit in a dry, cool area for a couple of days to let the bottom knobs callous over. Not following this step makes your pineapple top more susceptible to rot.
    • Step 5:  Now it's time to plant! If you have rooting hormone, dip the bottom of the pineapple top base into rooting hormone before planting. Find a pot that's large enough to accommodate the pineapple top, and fill it with well-draining potting soil. You can also use water to propagate your pineapple plant.
    • Step 6: Once the pot is filled, place the pineapple top in the soil so that the bottom leaves are buried.
    • Step 7:  Water the pineapple plant well, and then place it in a sunny spot.
    • Step 8: Keep the soil moist, and in a 3-4 weeks you should see new growth. You can also cover your cutting with a plastic bag to encourage a greenhouse like environment as your cutting develops its roots.
    • Step 9:  Once the plant is established, you can begin to enjoy its sweet ripe fruit!

    How to Propagate Pineapple Plant From Suckers?

    Just as easy as propagating your pineapple from a pineapple top, propagating is also easily done through pineapple offsets. As your pineapple plant matures and produces fruit, it starts to die back. As it dies back, it produces baby plants called offsets or suckers at its base, near the flower stem.
    Once you start to see these offsets, you can simply use gloves and sever the plantlets from your original plant. You can use sterilized shears of a sharp knife to cut them off the mother plant. Take your new plantlets and plant them in a small container filled with well-draining soil. It’ll take a few weeks for your new plants to establish. Make sure to water them thoroughly after planting.

    Common Pineapple Plant Disease

    Pineapple isolated on white background clipping path
    Image Source:Photo by Dmytro_Skorobogatov on Getty ImagesPineapple isolated on white background clipping path
    Pineapple plants, like most other tropical plants, can become susceptible to common pest infestations like mealybugs, aphids, and scale and fungal diseases like root rot, leaf spot, etc.
    Most of the issues you’ll encounter with this plant are due to improper water and moisture levels. You’ll want to make sure your plant is in well-draining soil and is receiving proper, full sunlight allowing moisture to evaporate throughout the day.
    Below, we’ll cover the most common disease and pests you’ll encounter with pineapple plants.

    How to Get Rid of Mealybugs

    Mealybugs are one of the most common pests that attack pineapple plants. These small, white insects suck the juices from the plant, causing the leaves to turn yellow and eventually die. Mealybugs can also spread diseases from one plant to another. 
    If you see mealybugs on your pineapple plant, it's important to take action immediately. 
    How to get rid of Mealybugs?
    Wipe Mealybugs Away: Use a cotton swab with rubbing alcohol to remove mealybugs. This is good for light infestations.
    Spray Water:
    Use a strong blast of water to rid of mealybugs. You can also dip more sensitive plants in water to dislodge the mealybugs. 
    Insecticidal soap:
    You can use insecticidal soap such as Ivory Liquid, Safer’s Insecticidal soaps. Mix a soap concentration with water (1 tsp per gallon) and spray on your plants focusing on leaf undersides.
    Neem Oil:
    You can use neem oil spray similar to insecticidal soap to spray and wipe away mealybugs. Neem oil has chemicals that act as a repellant to pests like mealybugs. 

    Where to buy Pineapple Plant?

    If you love pineapple, why not grow your own? With a little care, you can grow a pineapple plant at home and enjoy fresh, delicious fruit right from your own backyard!
    So where can you buy a pineapple plant? Many nurseries and garden centers sell pineapple plants. You can also find them for sale online. When purchasing a plant, be sure to choose one that is healthy and has a good root system.
    Once you have your plant, it's time to get started! pineapple plants prefer a warm, sunny location. They also need well-drained soil. If you live in an area with hot summers, you can put your plant in a pot and bring it indoors during the hottest months.
    With a little love and care, your pineapple plant will thrive and produce delicious fruit for you to enjoy!
    Visit Neverland plant care library today for more tips and useful resources. Plants bring a lot of joy, so we strive to help you have the best plants growing experience possible!

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